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Huawei Offered Limited 5G Participation in the UK by PM Boris Johnson

Prime Minister Boris Johnson granted Huawei a limited role in Britain’s 5G mobile network on Tuesday, frustrating a global attempt by the United States to exclude the Chinese telecoms giant from the West’s next-generation communications. Defying Britain’s closest ally in favour of China on the eve of Brexit, Johnson ruled that “high-risk vendors” such as Huawei would be allowed into the non-sensitive parts of the 5G network.

Whilst such high-risk companies’ involvement will be capped at 35 percent, they will be excluded from the sensitive core, where data is processed, and they will be banned from all critical networks and locations such as nuclear sites and military bases. Such an explicit rejection of US concerns that Huawei could be used to steal Western secrets was welcomed by the Chinese firm, founded in 1987 by a former People’s Liberation Army engineer, but dismayed the administration of US President Donald Trump.

Johnson and Trump spoke by phone shortly after the decision was made public. “The Prime Minister underlined the importance of like-minded countries working together to diversify the market and break the dominance of a small number of companies,” the British government said in a statement. Speaking before the call, a Trump administration official said: “There is no safe option for untrusted vendors to control any part of a 5G network.

“We look forward to working with the UK on a way forward that results in the exclusion of untrusted vendor components from 5G networks.” US congressional leaders widely criticized Britain’s decision, with powerful Republican Senator Lindsey Graham saying it could “greatly complicate” drawing up a new trade agreement after Britain exits the European Union on January 31.

A British official, speaking on condition of anonymity, said excluding Huawei would have delayed 5G and cost consumers more, echoing warnings from the telecoms industry. 5G’s much faster data speeds and increased capacity will make it the foundation stone of many industries and a driver of economic growth. In what some have compared to the Cold War antagonism with the Soviet Union, the United States is worried that 5G dominance is a milestone towards Chinese technological supremacy that could define the geopolitics of the 21st century.

But as a critical centre for Chinese investment, trading and banking in Europe, Britain sided with Beijing, in one of the biggest public breaks with Washington in decades. “I fear London has freed itself from Brussels only to cede sovereignty to Beijing,” said Senator Tom Cotton, an Arkansas Republican, adding there should be a review of intelligence sharing with Britain. Canada, which has yet to decide whether to allow the use of Huawei 5G technology, said it was studying Britain’s decision.

China vs the US

The United States had repeatedly warned London against allowing Huawei into 5G, arguing the distinction between “edge” and “core” will blur as data is processed throughout 5G networks, making it difficult to contain any security risks. “If Huawei is allowed into any part of your network, it is allowed into every part of your network,” said Tim Morrison, who until recently was a senior director at the White House’s National Security Council. Huawei, the world’s biggest producer of telecoms equipment, has said the United States wants to frustrate its growth because no US company could offer the same range of technology at a competitive price.

“This evidence-based decision will result in a more advanced, more secure and more cost-effective telecoms infrastructure that’s fit for the future,” Huawei’s vice president Victor Zhang told reporters. The only other large-scale telecoms equipment suppliers are Sweden’s Ericsson and Finland’s Nokia. Huawei has invested heavily to achieve market leadership, despite being excluded from US networks. Zhang said it spent $15 billion last year on research. In 2018, it committed to invest 3 billion pounds in Britain, a country Huawei views as a global innovation hub and strategic location, Zhang said.

Huawei UK vice president Jeremy Thompson said the 35 percent cap was “pretty much in line with its expectations”.”We welcome the diversity element and that’s what I’m sure our customers will be looking for as well,” he told reporters. Huawei has around a 35 percent share of the non-core 4G mobile network in Britain, a government document said last July.

Intelligence

Britain said the decision protected national security while delivering world-class connectivity. It said intelligence-sharing, including with the US-led ‘Five Eyes’ alliance, would not be jeopardized. “How we construct our 5G and full fibre public telecoms networks has nothing to do with how we will share classified data,” Foreign Secretary Dominic Raab told lawmakers after a meeting of the UK’s National Security Council chaired by Johnson.

“Intelligence-sharing will not be put at risk…” British cyber security officials said they had put special measures in place to mitigate risks. “We’ve never ‘trusted’ Huawei and the (measures) you can see … exist because we treat them differently to other vendors,” Britain’s National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC), part of the GCHQ signals intelligence agency, said in a technical post. Huawei’s equipment is already used by Britain’s biggest telecoms companies such as BT and Vodafone, but it has been largely deployed at the edge of the network. Sources told Reuters last week that senior British officials had proposed granting Huawei a limited 5G role, a “calculated compromise” which could be presented to Washington as a tough restriction, while accepted by British operators.

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Huawei Set to Face 'Strict' 5G Rules in Europe, States EU Official

Huawei has been facing stiff opposition from USA, which is urging its allies to not conduct business with the Chinese electronics and technology behemoth

Representative image of Huawei's logo, in front of one of its facilities. (Photo: Reuters)
Representative image of Huawei’s logo, in front of one of its facilities. (Photo: Reuters)
The EU will not ban Chinese telecom giant Huawei or any other company in Europe, a top official said on Tuesday, despite intense pressure from Washington to shun the firm over spying fears. The European Commission, the EU’s executive arm, will officially unveil recommendations to member states on Wednesday, but commissioner Thierry Breton told MEPs that Brussels will choose tight scrutiny over any blanket ban.

“It is not a question of discrimination, it is a question of laying down rules. They will be strict, they will be demanding and of course we will welcome in Europe all operators who are willing to apply them,” he said. The EU, while never explicitly naming the Chinese giant, is struggling to find a middle way to balance Huawei’s huge dominance in the 5G sector with security concerns pressed by Washington.

The proposal is part of a so-called “toolbox” of recommendations that will guide the EU’s 27 post-Brexit member states as they build crucial 5G networks. British Prime Minister Boris Johnson is also expected on Tuesday to risk Washington’s anger with a similar decision to trust strict rules instead of a ban on Huawei. A ban on Huawei would ultimately be up to an individual member state, but the commission’s middle road recommendation gives cover to European capitals to resist pleas from Washington.

Huawei is one of the world’s leading network technology suppliers, and one of the few — along with European telecom companies Nokia and Ericsson — capable of building 5G networks. The United States sees the company as a potential threat to cybersecurity and fears it would facilitate cyber espionage by the Chinese government, to which it is said to have close links.

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MWC 2020: Nokia 8.2 5G Alongside Affordable Phones Expected From HMD Global

Nokia is likely to unveil a type of wearable fitness tracker, complete with NFC and Google Pay, and the Nokia 5.2 at MWC 2020.

Nokia
(Image for representation: News18)
The upcoming Mobile World Congress 2020 is expected to witness the launch of a couple of new devices from HMD Global. As per a report, the brand may come up with the Nokia 8.2 5G and an all-new original series Nokia device. Till now, no details about the device are known. Further, it is also rumored that the company might unveil a type of fitness tracker wearable complete with NFC and Google Pay. It is likely that the Nokia 5.2, which was expected to launch at last year’s Mobile World Congress will finally be released in 2020.

The phone may house a Qualcomm Snapdragon 632 processor, 3GB RAM along with 32GB storage. However, an expensive variant of it will have 4GB RAM and 64GB storage. In terms of camera, the phone is expected to house a 16-megapixel main camera and an 8-megapixel depth sensor at the back. In terms of display, the device should have a 6.2-inch notched LCD panel which comes with an 8-megapixel selfie camera.

Probably, the cheapest smartphone that Nokia has in the MWC lineup, the Nokia 1.3 is likely to have a 6-inch LCD screen along with an unspecified MediaTek chipset. In terms of storage, the device is expected to come with 1GB of RAM and 8GB of storage. Further, it is being expected that the phone will have a 3D nano-textured plastic cover on the back. The camera is most probably will be of 13-megapixel at the rear and 5-megapixel at the front.

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5G in India Should Use Domestically Made Equipment: TRAI Chairman

TRAI Chairman R.S Sharma stated that it may be “strategically important” for India to manufacture the equipment needed in core telecom data networks.

PTI

Updated:January 22, 2020, 2:54 PM IST

Image for representation.
Image for representation.

Trai Chairman R S Sharma on Tuesday favoured use of domestically manufactured equipment in core telecom networks where most of the data of users is managed. Speaking at a telecom summit organised by PHD Chamber of Commerce, Sharma said 5G technology is strategic for India and telecom companies should have control over their core network by using domestically manufactured gears.

“5G is important for India from a strategic point of view. Trai has given a recommendation two years back to the government as to why it is important for us to manufacture telecom equipment locally. I think it is strategically important,” Sharma said. He said that the recommendation was given to the government after consulting all stakeholders.

“If you have your core network coming out from somebody else and you don’t understand what’s happening inside. That’s the best way people can get all your information. Therefore, it is strategically important to have control over that,” Sharma said. He said that company’s might lose control over some peripheral devices, handsets etc but “can’t afford to lose control on the core network of yours”.

The Trai chairman said the government, Niti Ayog and all stakeholders must support whatever has to be done from strategic point of view. “5G is quantum jump over 4G. Time to communicate on 5G is very less. We may not need driverless cars, remote surgery but we certainly need smart cities, smart energy, fixed wireless access and there are many used cases,” Sharma said.

PHD Chamber, Telecom Committee Chairman Sandeep Aggarwal said that India should follow China’s model of buying expensive technology and share it with domestic manufacturers. He said the government can leverage ITI to invest in higher technologies which can be shared with India telecom gear makers to promote high tech manufacturing in the country.

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Japan is Already Planning to Launch 6G by the Year 2030

It is believed that the new technology will be 10-times faster than the current 5G.

IANS

Updated:January 21, 2020, 12:28 PM IST

Japan is Already Planning to Launch 6G by the Year 2030
It is believed that the new technology will be 10-times faster than the current 5G.

Japan is reportedly planning a comprehensive strategy for “post-5G” (6G) technology by 2030 and it is believed that the new technology will be 10-times faster than the current 5G. The Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications of Japan will set up a government-civilian research society in January under the chairmanship of the University of Tokyo Goshinjin, and under the direct supervision of the General Affairs Minister Takao Sanae, GizmoChaina reported on Monday.

Additionally, people from NTT and Toshiba will also be invited to discuss 6G performance goals and policy support by June. The government will promote the development of 6G technology. US-based investment banking and financial service company, Goldman Sachs, has forecast a hefty 200 million 5G smartphone shipments globally in 2020. The new predicted value is about 20 times more than the sales figure of 2019.

According to estimates, there will be about 1 million new 5G base stations in China in 2020. This is higher than the original 600,000 prediction by Goldman Sachs. Additionally, Chinese smartphone manufacturer Xiaomi co-founder Lei Jun announced the company is planning to pump $7 billion in 5G, AI and IoT over the next five years.

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Samsung Galaxy S20 Ultra 5G Leaked Specs Confirm 108-Megapixel Camera, IP68 Certification and More

The Samsung Galaxy S20 Ultra 5G is likely to be launched on February 11 with Qualcomm Snapdragon 865 and a 5000mAh battery with 45W fast charging support.

Samsung Galaxy S20 Ultra 5G Leaked Specs Confirm 108-Megapixel Camera, IP68 Certification and More
Samsung Galaxy S20 Ultra 5G

(Image: Twitter/ Ben Geskin)

Samsung’s upcoming offering, the Galaxy S20 Ultra 5G, which is expected to be introduced on February 11, will be the company’s top-of-the-line flagship for the first half of 2020. A concept designer namely Ben Geskin in a tweet has shared the “most accurate render of the phone,” according to a report by PhoneArena.

As per the report, the phone is going to have a 6.9-inch Dynamic AMOLED display, which will sport a 1440 x 3200 QHD+ resolution and will have a refresh rate of 120Hz. Moreover, the phone is going to be powered by the 7nm Qualcomm Snapdragon 865 Mobile Platform. On the back of the device, there is apparently a 108-megapixel wide camera, at rumoured 9:1 ratio, the sensor will produce 12-megapixel photos. Furthermore, there will also be a 48-megapixel telephoto camera that will be marketed as “SPACE ZOOM,” added the report.

Also on the back, users can expect a 12-megapixel ultra-wide camera and a Time of Flight (ToF) depth sensor. Leaked specs also tell us that the Samsung Galaxy S Ultra 20 5G, will house 12GB of memory with 128GB/512GB of storage and will have a capacity of 1TB capacity microSD slot. The device is also going to house a 5000mAh battery that will support 45W fast charging. Further, the device will have an IP68 rating which basically means that it is impervious to dust and can be submerged in nearly 5 feet of water for almost half an hour. The expected price of the Galaxy S20 Ultra will be upwards of $1,099 (Rs 79,000 approx).

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Xiaomi Mi 10 Pro 5G to Feature 65W Fast Charging

The Mi 10 Pro 5G could be the second smartphone after the Oppo Reno Ace to offer 65W fast charging.

Xiaomi Mi 10 Pro 5G to Feature 65W Fast Charging
Image credits: Weibo

Xiaomi seems to be preparing its new flagship range, the Mi 10. A recent leak suggests that the top of the line variant of the handset, which is expected to be the Mi 10 Pro 5G, will come with 65W fast charging. The information comes from a Weibo tipster who has uploaded alleged photos of the Xiaomi Mi 10 Pro 5G.

The photos show the device as well as the packaging of the handset, both of which seem legitemate. One of the photos show the power adapter for the phone which mentions 65W. Of this turns out to be true, then the Mi 10 Pro 5G will be the second device after the Oppo Reno Ace to offer such fast charging speeds.

The photos also confirm some key features of the upcoming device including a dual-curved display with a punch-hole cut on the top left corner. There is also a quad rear camera setup with a 108-megapixel primary sensor, a speaker grille at the top and bottom and support for Hi Res Audio,

Xiaomi had earlier confirmed that the Mi 10 will come with the latest Snapdragon 865 chipset during the Snapdragon Tech Summit last month. So it is safe to assume that handset will come with the new flagship chipset, unless Xiaomi plans to treat the Mi 10 Pro 5G as a separate device from the Mi 10 series.


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Huawei to Shift Focus from 5G to Self-Driving Cars, Inspired by Tesla

Huawei will not build its own autonomous vehicles but instead, use its 5G expertise to collaborate with automakers to build driverless connected cars.

Huawei to Shift Focus from 5G to Self-Driving Cars, Inspired by Tesla
Image for Representation

(Image: AFP Relaxnews)

Chinese smartphone manufacturer Huawei is currently making a big push towards the 5G industry, but it is also reportedly planning to assist in building self-driving cars. “Our ultimate goal is to achieve complete driverless news, but in the process of moving towards the ultimate goal, it can create value. At present, Tesla is already creating value for everyone, if Tesla can do it now, we can all do it,” the report quoted rotating Huawei chairman Xu Zhijun.

However, the company does not want to make their own cars but will help car companies build good cars through collaboration. Currently, the smartphone manufacturer is using its expertise in 5G together with SAIC and China Mobile to build 5G connected cars. As per a report, these cars have 5G/LTE-V capabilities, support C-ITS assisted driving functions, feature intelligent voice interactions and even have live video calling functions built-in.

Recently, the company announced that it has shipped 6.9 million units of 5G smartphones as of December 2019, in addition to offering end-to-end 5G solutions. In 2019, Huawei brought 5G to consumers through the launch of eight 5G smartphones: Huawei Mate 30 Pro 5G, Mate 30 5G, Mate 20 X (5G), Nova 6 5G, Mate X, Honor V30 Pro and Honor V30.

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Chipmaker TSMC Expects Sharp Revenue Growth Based on Demand for 5G

Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Co Ltd (TSMC) forecast an up to 45% spike in January-March revenue and raised its capex plan for the year, betting robust demand for 5G smartphones would dial up profits at the world’s top contract chipmaker. The promising outlook from TSMC – a proxy for global tech demand given it has clients like Apple, Qualcomm and Huawei – comes as a strong uptake of 5G smartphones is fuelling an overall recovery in the global smartphone market that has shrunk for the past three years.

TSMC said it expects revenue over January-March to reach $10.2 billion-$10.3 billion, versus $7.1 billion a year ago. “Moving into first quarter 2020, despite mobile product seasonality, we anticipate our business to be supported by the continued ramp up of 5G smartphones,” Chief Financial Officer Wendell Huang said at a briefing on Thursday, after TSMC earlier reported a better-than-expected profit for the fourth quarter.

However, the outlook assumes no disruption caused by the China-U.S. trade war. The world’s two largest economies signed an initial trade deal on Wednesday, but with numerous thorny issues still unresolved. The United States has in particular pressured Huawei, believing it a potential security threat, despite the Chinese company’s repeated denials.

“The company sees any disruption will be short-lived and for example commented that smaller telco infrastructure suppliers can quickly pick up the shortfall if Huawei can’t deploy 5G as planned,” analysts at Bernstein wrote in a note. “We find that too optimistic and believe the short-term impact will be notable.”

TSMC’s October-December net profit rose 16.1% year-on-year to T$116.035 billion ($3.88 billion), above an average forecast of T$111.41 billion drawn from 19 analysts by Refinitiv. Revenue rose 10.6% to $10.39 billion, versus the company’s estimate of $10.2 billion to $10.3 billion and an average $10.55 billion estimate from 21 analysts.

“Our fourth-quarter business benefited from strong demand for high-end smartphones, initial 5G deployment and high performance computing related applications using TSMC’s industry-leading 7-nanometer technology,” Huang said. The 7-nanometer is one of the most advanced technology TSMC uses for its high-end semiconductors.

TSMC expects the global market for foundry chipmaking – contract chip manufacturing – to grow 17% this year, outstripping an 8% rise in the semiconductor market worldwide. It raised its estimate for capital expenditure to $15-16 billion for 2020, versus an earlier forecast of a level similar to its estimated capex for 2019, which was $14-15 billion. In the end it spent $14.9 billion in 2019.

Rising smartphone demand

The higher capex allocation comes amid forecasts for rising smartphone demand. Industry tracker IDC sees global smartphone shipments topping 1.4 billion units in 2020, up 1.5% on year, which should bode well for chipmaker TSMC. Reflecting growing optimism for the tech sector, TSMC shares hit a record high this month after gaining more than 50% in 2019.

Investor sentiment should get a further boost from a Phase 1 trade deal agreed this week between the United States and China that is expected to defuse their 18-month trade war, which has weighed on the global economy and the tech industry. “Looking into 2020-21, we believe TSMC’s position in advanced technology nodes remains solid given its greater capacity, yield rate control, execution and diversified customer base,” KGI analyst Laura Chen wrote in a January report prior to the earnings announcement.

Japan’s Nikkei reported this week that the United States had increased pressure on TSMC to make military-use chips there, free from any potential Chinese interference. China claims Taiwan as its own territory. TSMC declined to comment on the report, reiterating that the company is always evaluating the idea of making chips everywhere.

Company chairman Mark Liu said a decision will be made based on the “best interest” of their clients. “We listen to our customers as our priority,” he said. “In the future, right now, it’s too early to say. Our customers prefer us to have the lowest (cost) production site in doing business with us.”

To overcome geopolitical changes, TSMC will continue to be the industry’s leader so that “people will have to come to you”, he added. “That’s how we maintain being everyone’s foundry.” Shares in TSMC closed down 1.62%, versus a 0.21% fall in the wider market, valuing the company at almost $295 billion, bigger than U.S. rival Intel Corp’s $256 billion. It reported results after the market closed.

 

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Apple Might Launch High-End iPad Pro With 5G in Second Half of 2020

Apple’s latest 5G-ready iPad Pro will most likely use the latest mmWave tech to have higher speeds at shorter distances making it optimal for dense urban areas.

Apple Might Launch High-End iPad Pro With 5G in Second Half of 2020
Leaked images of Apple’s upcoming iPad Pro with triple rear cameras.
(Source: Twitter/ Steve H.McFly/ OnLeaks)
There is a possibility that a high-end iPad Pro variant with support for 5G connectivity is on its way. As per reports, Taiwan’s Advanced Semiconductor Engineering is preparing to supply antenna-in-package technology for an upcoming 5G-ready tablet. Although the exact model is not known as of now, it is likely that it will be a high-end iPad Pro variant because of the extra costs that the brand incurs to get a device that supports 5G.

Reports also claim that the device uses the latest mmWave tech, possibly to offer higher speeds at shorter distances, which makes it more usable in dense urban areas. In terms of market availability, the report claims that the 5G-ready iPad Pro will possibly be available in the second half of the year. If these speculations are true then probably the new device could be the 12.9-inch iPad Pro and which will debut with the next-generation A14X Bionic on the inside and an advanced mini-LED display complete with an incredible 10,000 LEDs.

Meanwhile, Apple is focusing primarily on the new iPad Pro models that are expected to launch late March. As per the leaks, the new models, 11-inch and 12.9-inch look virtually identical to the already existing models from the front. However, the rear panel will get an upgrade in terms of the camera. The device will be housing a triple-camera layout that apparently includes an upgraded main sensor coupled with Night Mode support and a new ultra-wide-angle alternative. The function of the third shooter is as of now not very clear.